Date: 22 07 2014
 
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Alisher Navoi
(Heart, Afghanistan, February 9, 1441- Heart, Afghanistan, January 3, 1501)

Alisher NavoiAlisher Navoi one of the greatest poets of the Medieval East, a statesman, and the founder of Uzbek literature. As a statesmen he is credited for founding, donating, or restoring some 400 religious, educational, and charitable institutions in Khorasan, including mosques, schools, libraries, hospitals, bridges, pools and caravan-serais. He wrote numerous lyrical poems, gazelles, prose work and scientific treatises, mostly in Chagatay (Middle Turic), the language he shaped as classical by importing the elegant style of classical Persian. Chagatay as an official language, started with the publication of Navai’s first collection of poetry 1465. Uzbeks, whose language is descended from Chagatai, claim him to be their national poet. During his career, he wrote 30 works, consisting of about 50 000 verses and a few technical works.

Nava'i also wrote in Persian (under the pen name Fani), and in Arabic and Hindi. Except for poetry that he composed in 16 out of then known 21 forms, he wrote essays on poetry, biography of over 450 Turkic poets, and religious and philosophical writings. He collected his poetry in four divans (collections of poetry), according the time they were composed.

Major works:

Poetry:

Ghara’ib al-Sighar (Wonders of Childhood)
Naivadir al-Shabab (Witticisms of Youth)
Bada'i' al-Wasat (Marvels of Middle Age)
Fawi'id al-Kibar (Advantages of Old Age)
Hamsa, 1483 -85:
Hayratu-l-abror (Excitement with good people),
Farhod va Shirin,
Layli va Majnun,
Sab'ai sayyor (Seven travellers (planets)),
Saddi Iskandariy (Epic poem about Alexander the Great)

Biography:
Majalis al-Nafais (Assemblies of Distinguished Men)

Other:
Mizan al-Awzan (The Measure of Meters)
Lisonu-t-tayr,
Nasoyimu-l-muhabbat and
Besh hayrat
Muhakamat al-Lughatayn (Judgment between the Two Languages), 1499


 

 
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