Date: 21 10 2014
 
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Rudyard Kipling
(Bombay,India, 30 December 1865 - Burwash, Great Britain,18 January 1936)

Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was an India born British author, poet, and major innovator in the art of the short story. He started his writing career in magazines in India (first in “Civil,” later in “Military Gazette” in Lahor, and the “Pioneer” in Allahabad). Some thirty-nine stories were published in the Gazette between November 1886 and June 1887. He traveled around the world visiting on different occasions San Francisco via Rangoon, Singapore, Hong Kong and Japan, through the USA and Canada, then South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. By the beginning of the 20th century, he was a very famous author. In 1907 he was the first English language recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature (award that was established in 1901). In 1922, Kipling was asked by a University of Toronto civil engineering professor for his assistance in developing a dignified obligation and ceremony for graduating engineering students. He produced  “The Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer" and even today engineering graduates all across Canada, and even some in the United States, are presented with an iron ring at the ceremony as a reminder of their obligation to society. In the second half of the 20th century, Kipling has been often attacked as a racist because of his writings on India, but his defenders point out that that much of the most blatant racism in his writing is spoken by fictional characters, not by him, and thus accurately depicts the characters. Regardless on controversial criticisms, he was an influence for many writers. So Campbell described Kipling as "the first modern science fiction writer", and Heinlein appears to have learned from Kipling the technique of indirect exposition — showing the imagined world through the eyes and the language of the characters, rather than through expository lumps — which was to become the most important structural device of Campbellian science fiction.


Major works:

Departmental Ditties, 1886 (poetry)
Plain Tales from the Hills, 1888
Soldiers Three, 1888
The Story of the Gadsbys, 1888 (novel)
In Black and White, 1888
Under the Deodars, 1888
The Phantom Rickshaw and other Eerie Tales, 1888
Wee Willie Winkie and Other Child Stories, 1888
Life's Handicap, 1891
The Light that Failed, 1891 (novel)
American Notes, 1891 (non-fiction)
Barrack-Room Ballads, 1892 (poetry)
The Naulahka - A story of West and East, 1892 (novel)
Many Inventions, 1893
The Jungle Book, 1894
The Second Jungle Book, 1895
Captains Courageous, 1896 (novel)
The Seven Seas, 1896 (poetry)
The Day's Work, 1898
A Fleet in Being, 1898
Stalky & Co., 1899 (novel)
Traffics and Discoveries, 1904
Puck of Pook's Hill, 1906
Actions and Reactions, 1909
Rewards and Fairies, 1910
A History of England, 1911
Songs from Books, 1912
The Fringes of the Fleet, 1915
Sea Warfare, 1916
A Diversity of Creatures, 1917
The Years Between, 1919
Land and Sea Tales for Scouts and Guides, 1923
The Irish Guards in the Great War, 1923
Debits and Credits, 1926
A Book of Words, 1928
Thy Servant a Dog, 1930
Limits and Renewals, 1932
Something of Myself, 1937
The Muse among the Motors 
 
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